Taxes & Revenue

 

Information regarding state tax policy and recent revenue performance. State revenue is generated through a variety of sources, including both general fund taxes and other taxes and fees earmarked for special purposes or specific funds. Personal income and sales taxes comprise nearly 75 percent of general fund revenue.  State revenues have begun to recover from the economic downturn, although forecasted fiscal 2012 revenue collections remain well below peak levels witnessed in fiscal 2008.

Staff Contact: Brian Sigritz

NASBO Publications

  • The rise of internet sales and electronic commerce over the past fifteen years has prompted states and Congress to reconsider the issue of remote sales tax collection. After years of inaction on the issue, Congress now has three similar, though importantly distinct legislative proposals under consideration in both the House and Senate that would require out-of-state retailers to collect and remit sales taxes.
  • This report finds that the recent improvement in the national economy has not translated to strong growth in total state spending. This is largely due to the fact that state revenues have not increased as fast as Recovery Act funds have declined, leading to a unique situation in which total state expenditure growth has slowed during the same time that the national economy has been improving.
  • Although state fiscal conditions continue their slow improvement in fiscal 2012, they are likely to remain constrained due to the lack of a strong national economic recovery and the withdrawal of Recovery Act funds. This slow improvement in state finances is highlighted by the 38 states that reported general fund spending growth in 2011 and the 43 states that reported spending growth for 2012. However, 29 states still have lower general fund spending in fiscal 2012 compared to the pre-recession levels of fiscal 2008.

Recently Released Reports