Budget Processes/Performance Measures


State budget processes refer to various budgeting activities and stages in the development of a state’s budget, including the budget cycle, budget requirements, budgeting tools, the budget document, and monitoring the budget. Technical and administrative advancements in the budget process can redirect spending to more effective programs and ultimately lead to better service delivery. In the coming years, changes to state budget processes will likely reflect a growing need to establish clear linkages between funding levels and program results.

Staff Contact: Kathryn Vesey White

NASBO Publications

  • This National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO) report, supported by a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, highlights and discusses lessons learned by budget officers during the recent recession. States turned to a variety of actions to stabilize state budgets in this challenging and uncertain fiscal environment.
  • After several years of slow recovery in the national economy, fiscal distress is finally beginning to subside for most states. However, the unemployment rate continues to remain high and the economic recovery is relatively weak compared to other post-recessionary periods. Thus, state operating budgets likely will be constrained by elevated expenditure pressures and slow revenue growth in the upcoming fiscal year.
  • The latest edition of NASBO’s State Expenditure Report finds that the recent improvement in the national economy has not translated to strong growth in total state spending. This is largely due to the fact that state revenues have not increased as fast as Recovery Act funds have declined, leading to a unique situation in which total state expenditure growth has slowed during the same time that the national economy has been improving.