Federal Issues


Information on federal legislation, mandates, programs, executive orders, and other actions that impact state finance. In fiscal year 2011, federal funds represented 34 percent of total state expenditures, although this percentage is likely to decline following the wind down of the funding provided through the Recovery Act. The possibility of future federal budget cuts combined with likely congressional changes to healthcare, K-12 education, tax policy, and other areas, has led to a significant level of uncertainty among state decision-makers.

Staff Contact: Kathryn Vesey White

NASBO Publications

  • Highlights include:- In fiscal 2015, total state spending increased at its fastest rate since 1992, primarily due to growth in federal Medicaid funds resulting from the Affordable Care Act (ACA).- Spending from states’ own funds moderately grew in fiscal 2015, while federal funds to states rapidly increased due to the ACA.- Medicaid represented over half of all federal funds to states in fiscal 2015.- State revenue growth accelerated in fiscal 2015, although it was hampered somewhat by the decline in oil prices.
  • This report shows that state budgets are expected to continue on a path of stable, moderate growth, with 42 governors recommending spending increases for fiscal 2016. However, progress is slow, and structural issues and long-term spending pressures will require difficult budget choices for many states. States’ spending proposals continue to be cautious as they plan for limited revenue growth.

Washington Report

Recently Released Reports