Elementary & Secondary Education

 

Elementary & Secondary Education

Information relating to K-12 education funding and policy. In fiscal 2011, Elementary and secondary (K-12) education represented the largest category of state general fund spending at 35.0 percent. However due to rising health care costs, K-12 education is now the second largest component of total state spending at 20.1 percent, slightly below Medicaid’s 23.6 percent of state budgets. In the coming years, states will likely face changes in K-12 education funding policies as Congress reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, better known as No Child Left Behind.

Staff Contact: Kathryn Vesey White

NASBO Publications

  • Although state fiscal conditions continue their slow improvement in fiscal 2012, they are likely to remain constrained due to the lack of a strong national economic recovery and the withdrawal of Recovery Act funds. This slow improvement in state finances is highlighted by the 38 states that reported general fund spending growth in 2011 and the 43 states that reported spending growth for 2012. However, 29 states still have lower general fund spending in fiscal 2012 compared to the pre-recession levels of fiscal 2008.
  • Budget Processes in the States highlights key budget issues, demonstrating the diversity in state budgeting practices. The budget process is the arena in which a state determines public priorities by allocating financial resources among competing claims. The report chapters are organized around particular topical areas: the budget cycle, budget requirements, budgeting tools, the budget document, and monitoring the budget. Data for this report were collected from the fifty states during fiscal 2008.